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York City's Managers
The Early Years
Jock Collier was City’s manager when we entered The Football League in 1929. In those days, he was very much a hired hand who usually reported to the directors and secretary. In March 1930, he announced he would resign at the end of the season to become mine host at The Punchbowl Inn in York.
Collier was succeeded by George “Billy” Sherrington for 3 years. He’d moved to York before World War 1 to take up a senior position in the civil service and was a founder member of our club in 1922. His reign ended with his “promotion” to secretary in 1933. He was to later have 2 spells as caretaker manager, most famously for 18 months from September 1954, when alongside Tom Lockie, he took City to The FA Cup semi final. On his retirement, after 37 years as secretary, he was appointed Vice President, later President, a position in which he served until his death in 1977. To many he was “Mr York City”.
Jock Collier returned in 1933 and served for nearly 4 years before being replaced by former player Tom Mitchell, later to launch his own sports shop in Kings Square. In his first season, he led City to the FA Cup quarter finals. His managerial spell straddled World War 2, so on his resignation in February 1950, he had served nearly 13 years, making him City's longest serving manager. An 8 year spell as a director in the 1960s followed.
With league football suspended during WW2, friendlies were arranged. City director, Arthur Wright assumed managerial duties until he resigned during the 1942–43 season. Tom Lockie replaced him under he stood down when league football resumed in 1946.
Tom Mitchell was followed by Dick Duckworth (captain of our 1938 FA Cup quarter final team), his reign lasted just over a season and ended with a 3-0 win over Stockport in October 1952. Having previously tendered his resignation, he served his notice and started his new job on the following Monday as Stockport manager, just 2 days after he’d overseen his current club beat his new club. He was followed by Charlie Spencer, unfortunately, previous health problems re-surfaced and he died in office less than 3 months after his appointment, thus becoming City’s shortest term manager.
Spencer was followed by Jimmy McCormick who had just over a season in charge before a dispute with the directors over team selection lead to his resignation in September 1954, by which time he’d assembled the squad that took City to an FA Cup semi final later that season.
Sherrington and Tom Lockie assumed caretaker duties that were to last 18 months. Lockie, a Scottish born centre half had joined City in 1933 and spent a season with us before returning as reserve team trainer in 1936, quickly earning promotion to first team trainer. Over 18 months and 86 league games, they won 58% of the league points available, a record not surpassed in City’s history, other than by short term caretaker managers. However, that is overshadowed by the 1955 FA Cup run that ended in glorious defeat in a replay against Newcastle, the eventual winners, as City attracted nationwide (and further) coverage.
In March 1956, Sam Bartram was a popular choice when appointed manager. A respected keeper, he was one of the best never to play for England. He had fond memories of York from when playing for City during the war. He spent 4 years with City, being the first City manager to take City to promotion (and a season later, the first to see City relegated). His reign ended in 1960 when he accepted the position of Luton manager. Later, he was to enjoy a successful career as a journalist.
Tom Lockie was promoted to manager and spent over 7 years in the role, the longest in City’s post WW2 era, ending when he became the first City manager to be sacked. Throughout his time in York, he and his wife rented the house next to the post office in New Earswick. His reign came to an end following successive relegation and re-election seasons with home fans gathering on the old Enclosure beneath the directors box singing "Send Tom Lockie to Vietnam" to the tune of "Michael row the boat ashore". His village connections meant City’s players were often hired as painters and handymen in the village throughout the summer off season months of the 1960s. Signs of the times and an indication of the earnings power of the football employee. Indeed, after leaving City, Lockie worked in the offices at Rowntree Mackintosh until reaching retirement age.
He was followed by Joe Shaw, a playing legend at Sheffield United; in fact there is a statue outside Bramall Lane to commemorate him. In his first managerial appointment, he lasted only 9 months at City before resigning for personal reasons just before the start of the 1968/9 season, citing the commute from Sheffield allied to worries over his wife’s wool shop in Sheffield. However, he signed 2 prolific strikers, Ted MacDougall and Tommy Ross and laid the early foundations for Tom Johnston.
Johnston arrived with a strong pedigree. As a player, he’d made the Scottish squad without winning a cap and had served both Nottingham clubs well, scoring 114 goals from the left wing. A fully qualified FA coach, he honed his skills in Iceland, took Rotherham to the first ever Football League Cup final and had also managed Grimsby and Huddersfield before City.
Many would argue he was City’s most successful ever manager. Others might suggest he could have done more and were disappointed by the manner of his departure. With over 6 years in charge, his stay was only surpassed by Tom Lockie.
His sides mirrored his image. Dour. In his second full season he lead us to promotion from the bottom division, and having survived on goal average for the next 2 seasons, he took us in to Division 2 (now The Championship) for the first time in 1974, becoming the only ever manager to lead City to 2 promotion campaigns. His sides were based on a strong back four and solid professionalism. The experienced Barry Lyons and Ian Butler provided the class and know how whilst experienced lower league strikers, Chris Jones and Jimmy Seal, scored plenty of goals. Evidence suggests Tom Johnston was very much an office manager and left the coaching and training to his coaches. Several of the 1974 promotion winning squad blamed him for the lack of success in the higher division. Our first player of the year, Phil Burrows left at the end of his contract, Johnston being very one dimensional during contract negotiations. Johnston’s era was marked by general dressing room unrest, the players almost going on strike at one time.
Johnston left us in January 1975, news broke just after we’d drawn away to Arsenal in the FA Cup and were comfortably placed in the league. He resigned to return to Huddersfield one of his former clubs as General Manager, a division below us and what appeared to be a back office job, although, he was promoted to manager a few months later. Given the era, it is highly likely that the salary was an attractive feature of his new job.
His successor was Wilf McGuinness. His previous managerial job in England had been as Manchester United manager in the post Busby era. He maintained our league status in 1975 but as the team aged, his replacements failed to perform and we suffered successive relegations in 1976 and 1977. Given City’s history, its interesting to speculate whether Tom Johnston would have made a better job of building a new side, certainly history suggests that City have always struggled to rebuild a successful side higher up the leagues, struggling with age old problem of affordability, both of transfer fees and wages. McGuinness, with a long Manchester United career behind him struggled with City. He and his signings, many established players with Manchester United connections failed to deliver with City. Perhaps he didn't endear himself to the squad when on his arrival, he told them they weren't good enough. Earlier, when returning with City to Old Trafford, during the pre match warm up, he called his players towards him and told them to walk towards the Old Trafford faithful alonside him, where he fully expected to receive a raptuous welcome hme. All he and the players got was a volley of abuse and boos. On a 1975 post season trip to Marjorca, he played a trick on the board at Brian Pollard's 21st birthday meal. Excusing himself on the pretext of going to the airport to meet his brother, he returned dressed up in various player's clothes and wearing a wig purporting to be his brother. In a flamboyant display, he belittled the players and directors. Quite how the board didn't twig (the players were in on the joke) is a mystery, but it wasn't until Barry Swallow deliberately brushed Wilf's head dislodging his wig that the joke was out. A story in the excellent "City Memoirs" book tells of McGuinness laying flat on the ground pretending to have been knocked out by a fallen branch, only for the players to hurdle him, ignoring any possible ailment. In 2017, Chris Jones noted that McGuinness had been suffering from dementia for the past 3 years.
McGuinness’ reign ended in October 1977 and he was followed by Charlie Wright. He failed to spark a real upturn in our fortunes. He was a flamboyant figure with prominent moustache and colourful language to the fore. I remember him when as an opposing keeper at City he had a proper jovial rapport with the City fans behind his goal.
After him, youth coach Barry Lyons stepped up into the managerial hot seat. Maybe not cut out to be a manager, he lasted less than 9 months before reverting back to his youth team position. The high spot of his reign was undoubtedly his signing of Keith Walwyn for £4,000. Youth coach Kevin Randall became caretaker, lasting 3 months in the role before Barry Swallow took over.
Knowing the importance of a commanding centre half, one of Swallow's first acts was to bring Stoke’s Denis Smith to York on loan for the rest of the season. Smith openly admits that he came to play football and had no thoughts of staying beyond the end of the season, However, with a keen interest in coaching and management already developed, Denis Smith was appointed player manager in May 1982.
False Hopes (2)
Smith’s 5 years were to see unparalleled progress. A first trophy, the Division 4 championship in 1984 with a record number of points and 2 good cup runs, both ending in defeat in Round 5 replays at Anfield cemented his place in City’s history. John Byrne went from being a struggling young reserve player to top flight international striker and alongside astute signings turned a struggling side into a formidable lower league team. Smith’s final season saw the old problem return, how to replace the stars of the team. John McPhail and Keith Walwyn left at the end of their contracts in successive seasons for pittance compensation fees. Once again, City were unable to find adequate replacements. Smith’s City side struggled in its final season, relegation was narrowly avoided. However, the slump didn’t prevent Sunderland, just relegated into our division from appointing Smith as their new manager. At Sunderland, once again, the Smith / Busby partnership demonstrated their coaching ability when plucking Marco Gabbiadini from York, a mis firing young striker, and turning him into the darling of Roker Park whose goals inspired Sunderland to immediate promotion. He later managed WBA, Bristol City, Oxford and Wrexham and joined the 1,000 club, an elite group of managers who have managed 1,000 games.
Bobby Saxton then took on the City baton. At the time, if you believed reports, the club was in melt down. Maybe the Smith squad had grown old together and it is true that many players were out of contract, less than a 5 a side team were actually signed up when he arrived. However, Saxton’s City kicked off with just 4 newcomers. A last day win at Brentford saw City rise off the foot of the table for the only time of the season, with a new record of just 8 league wins in a season. The Smith mantra of “he’s young, we can coach the mistakes out of him“ being replaced by ”he’s young and inexperienced, he can’t do any more”, they sounded beaten before they even started. Saxton’s resigned in September 1988 as the team struggled back in Division 4. Despite attempts by the club, he wouldn't change his mind.
John Bird, left the manager’s post at Hartlepool to come to York. He was to spend just over 3 years with City. His first 2 seasons saw solid mid table finishes, the first being notable for taking over and improving a struggling side. His reign was characterised by a number of notable signings and a loosening of purse strings. City struggled to recover from David Longhurst’s death and finished the 1990/1 season in 21st place. A slow start to the following season saw Bird relieved of his duties in September 1991. Whilst results were not spectacular, Bird left a solid side, the basis of side that was to enjoy success in the 1990s.
John Ward was a surprise choice as City’s next manager. He interviewed very well and beat more experienced candidates, including Billy McEwan. To Bird’s side, he was to add Paul Barnes and Gary Swann. 1992/3 saw City play some exciting football. With Swann, Nigel Pepper, Tony Canham and Jon McCarthy in midfield, Barnes and Ian Blackstone supplied the goals as City played some exciting football to move towards the top of Division 4. Ward’s ability caught the eyes of Bristol Rovers who approached City to talk to Ward about their vacant managerial position. Ward was swayed and left City March 1993. Of all the City’s managers, alongside Smith, he probably had the most stellar managerial careers.
Alan Little, who had been assistant to both Ward and Bird was immediately promoted to manager. With a 5-1 away win in his first game, he carried on in the same vein as Ward to took York into the play offs and a Wembley play off final win over Crewe.
A division higher, City reached the play offs again in 1994. The following season saw City finish 9th after being in play off contention for a long time. Despite losing Jon McCarthy, hopes were high for the 1995/6 season, but ended in last day survival at Brighton, by which time City had recorded one of the best results in our history, a 3-0 win at Old Trafford against a reasonably strong Manchester United, a win that was to deny United the treble that season. After a very public fall out with the chairman, Paul Barnes became the latest high profile departure and was followed by Dean Keily at the end of the season. Yet again City struggled to adequately replace the departees and were to encounter 2 seasons of flirting with relegation (plus League Cup success over Everton) before a horrendous last week of the 1998/9 season when City lost twice and both Wycombe and Oldham each won three times, the only combination of results that could send City back down into the basement. By the time, Little had been sacked and replaced by Neil Thompson as player manager in March 1999. As well as Barnes and McCarthy, City netted big fees for Richard Cresswell (£950k) Graeme Murty (£750k) and Jon Greening (£1.2m including add on clauses), the 3 biggest fees received in our history. Additionally, those 6 years in Division 3 were, along with the Tom Johnston era, the longest time we’ve ever spent playing above the basement division. For many supporters, those 6 years are fondly remembered. Promotion, a first Wembley visit, wins over Manchester United and Everton, a succession of players nurtured at the club who moved onto better things and a successful youth policy.
Thompson failed to stabilise City and was sacked and replaced by Terry Dolan within a year.
Arriving with a good reputation, Dolan’s team played a dour style of football which never really engaged the fans, although in each of his 3 full seasons, he steadily improved our league position from 17th to 14th to 10th before being sacked at the end the 2002/3 season.
The Non League Years (1)
With The Supporters Trust in charge, Chris Brass was appointed player manager at the age of 27 in June 2003, the youngest manager in The Football League since 1946. Omens were good, City started the league season with 4 straights wins. Just 6 more games were won as City plunged from top to bottom and out of The Football League.
Brass was sacked in November 2004 and Viv Busby, brought back to the club to assist Brass, promoted to caretaker manager, a position he held for 3 months until Billy McEwan was appointed manager. McEwan had previously been interviewed for the post in 1991.
A slow upturn in form saw City reach the play offs in 2007 before losing in the semi final to Morecambe. 2 of McEwan’s signings from lower non league sides, Martyn Woolford and Richard Brodie, went onto have good City careers before netting the club about £500,000 when sold.
McEwan’s sacking coincided with 2 successive away wins. Once again the sacked manager’s assistant, this time, Colin Walker was promoted to caretaker manager. He extended the run of consecutive away wins to 7 matches, another club record for a new manager. His City side wasn’t to taste defeat until their 14th game, another club record. Promoted to permanent manager on Boxing Day 2007, he won the manager of the month award a few days later. After his initial success, he wasn’t able to sustain the momentum. City finished the season 14th and after just 5 wins in the first 19 games of the following season, Walker was sacked in November 2008.
In succession, Martin Foyle was appointed manager and initially struggled to improve the team. Conference survival (City were in the bottom 4 during 4 April match days, the only bottom 4 spots in our first Conference spell apart from some early season table glitches) was secured in the penultimate game. The following month, City visited the new Wembley where we lost 2-0 to Stevenage in The FA Trophy, we struggled to make an impression on a team who’d lost in the play off semi finals a few days earlier. The following season saw a return to Wembley and a 3-1 defeat against Oxford in the play off final; 2 goals down in the first 15 minutes effectively saw the game out of our reach. With Brodie leaving in August 2009, Foyle couldn’t re-energise City (and maybe himself as well). He resigned the following month.
To replace him, City went to Tamworth to appoint Gary Mills, a bright young Conference manager. In his first season, Mills took City to 8th and setting the foundations for 2011/2 when astute signings of proven Conference players saw City do the Wembley double and return to The Football League.
Back In The League
Relying on the Conference side, City struggled back in The Football League as many players failed to make the step up. In his book Clarke Carlisle casts doubts on some of the managerial traits of Mills . From the outside, there was a strong feeling that he was intransigent in his style of play. With City struggling for survival he was sacked in March 2013 and almost immediately replaced by Nigel Worthington. Given the closeness of Mills and the McGill family, it must have been a difficult and painful decision to make. Whatever, Mills left City with the best points gained record (53.7%) of all City‘s permanent managers, fractionally beating Denis Smith’s record.
Worthington returned to the game after 4 years out and at a much lower level than he had previously experienced. With astute signings, survival was assured on the final day of the season. The following season started in a similar fashion, but a revival starting in January saw City surge from the bottom 2 to the play offs and defeat against Fleetwood. Prospect appeared bright for the 2013/4 season, but the new signings didn’t work out and Worthington resigned after a painful 3-1 defeat at Newport in October. Subsequent reports indicated that Worthington may have been frustrated at his inability to get his message across to lower league players.
Once again City had a new manager within a couple of days. Russ Wilcox, very recently sacked by Sculthorpe, after leading then to Division 2 promotion just 6 months earlier, was recruited. Again, a spring revival saw City survive, but once again, the new season saw little improvement and Wilcox was sacked in October 2015, just over a year after his appointment.
After a one game caretaker reign of Cresswell / Greening / Leaning, Jackie McNamara was appointed manager in November 2015. City’s form dipped even further resulting in relegation to the National League. Between them, Wilcox and McNamara achieved a club record low of just 7 league wins in a season. Only the high number of drawn games prevented City doing a double of least points / least wins.
Managers Of The Month
Between 1992 and September 2014, the following City managers have been voted divisional manager of the month:
Our Greatest Manager
In a 2013 vote to celebrate 125 years of the Football League, Tom Johnston was voted City’s greatest ever manager polling 35% of the vote. Behind him were Alan Little (26%), Gary Mills (22%) and Denis Smith (17%).
Refer to the City History pages for more detail on many of our managers, including pen portraits, season reviews and interviews with some of our more recent managers. Also see City On TV for action from many games.
For details of every City manager, their success records and durations Click Here.
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